Manuscripts are considered with the understanding that they have not been published previously in print or electronic format and are not under consideration by another publication or electronic medium. The authors should alert the editor if the work includes participants about which a previous report has been published. A paper submitted to the JPCC should not overlap by more than 10% with previously published work, or work submitted elsewhere. If in doubt, authors may submit copies of earlier published work or material submitted elsewhere to the editorial board of JPCC to take the decision. If plagiarism or duplicate publication is detected, authors should expect prompt rejection/retraction and editorial board’s action such as barring the author from submitting articles in future, notification in the journal/website, and informing the authors’ institute or other medical editors. A previously rejected article should not be resubmitted again under the original or modified title, especially if the content remains substantially same. Authors should provide full information regarding previous submission, if any.